Colorized Black And White

best black and white pictures Colorized Black And White

best black and white pictures Colorized Black And White

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The 1960 Masters Tournament, originally broadcast in black-and-white and recorded on kinescope, was colorized by Legend Films for the documentary Jim Nantz Remembers. This was the first time a major sports event had been re-broadcast using colorization.

Both film and television restoration and colorization is produced by the company Legend Films. Their patented automated process was used to colorize around 100 films between 2003 and 2009. Shirley Temple, Jane Russell, Terry Moore and Ray Harryhausen have worked with the company to colorize either their own films or their personal favorites. Two movies that Legend Films are noted for is the colorization of the exploitation film Reefer Madness, for which certain color schemes were used to create a psychedelic effect in its viewers, and Plan 9 from Outer Space. Recently (2007), Legend Films colorized It’s a Wonderful Life for Paramount Pictures (whose subsidiary, Republic Pictures, had regained control of the copyright in the 1990s) and Holiday Inn in 2008 for rights holder Universal Pictures.

One minute of the colorized test footage of Citizen Kane was included in a special Arena documentary, The Complete Citizen Kane, produced by the BBC in 1991.[22][23]

In 1986, Film critics Gene Siskel and Roger Ebert did a special episode of Siskel & Ebert addressing colorization as “Hollywood’s New Vandalism.” Siskel explained how networks were unable to show classic black-and-white films in prime-time unless they offer it in color. “They arrest people who spray subway cars, they lock up people who attack paintings and sculptures in museums, and adding color to black and white films, even if it’s only to the tape shown on TV or sold in stores, is vandalism nonetheless.” Roger Ebert added, “What was so wrong about black and white movies in the first place? By filming in black and white, movies can sometimes be more dreamlike and elegant and stylized and mysterious. They can add a whole additional dimension to reality, while color sometimes just supplies additional unnecessary information.”[16]

A major obstacle with this method is it is highly labour-intensive. In order to colourise a still image, an artist typically begins by dividing the image into regions, and then assigning a color to each region. This approach, also known as the segmentation method, is laborious, as the process of dividing the picture into correct segments is time-consuming. This occurs primarily when there have been no fully automatic algorithms to identify fuzzy or complex region boundaries, such as between a subject’s hair and face. Colorization of moving images also requires tracking regions as movement occurs from one frame to the next (motion compensation). Several companies claim to have produced automatic region-tracking algorithms.

On February 14, 1989, Turner Entertainment president Roger Mayer announced that work to colorize Citizen Kane had been stopped:

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1 Early techniques 1.1 Hand colorization 1.2 Digital colorization 2 Uses of colorization 2.1 Partial colorization 2.2 Restoration 2.3 Integration 3 Colorization examples, criticism, and controversies 3.

1 Entertainment make-overs 3.2 Documentary make-overs 4 See also 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links

The Greatest Game Ever Played, the 1958 NFL Championship between the Baltimore Colts and the New York Giants was colorized by Legend Films for ESPN for a sports broadcast special in December 2008.

Timebrush describes a process based on neural net technology which produces saturated and crisp colors with clear lines and no apparent spill-over. The process is cost effective, as it relies on computer, rather than human effort, and is equally suitable for low-budget colorization, as well as broadcast-quality, or theatrical projection.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YpT1DkBOnqo https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ch3SRKILGtQ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6t91-JBl-Cw https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=unV8UR2kqdE

In 1983, Hal Roach Studios became one of the first studios to venture into the business of computerized film colorization. Buying a 50 percent interest in Wilson Markle’s Colorization, Inc., it began creating digitally colored versions of some of its films. Roach’s Topper (1937), followed by Way Out West (1937), became the first black-and-white films to be redistributed in color using the digital colorization process,[10][11][12][13] leading to controversy. Defenders of the process noted that it would allow black-and-white films to have new audiences of people who were not used to the format. Detractors complained (among other reasons) that the process was crude and claimed that even if it were refined, it would not take into account lighting compositions chosen for black-and-white photography which would not necessarily be as effective in color.[14] Figures opposed to the process included Roger Ebert, James Stewart, John Huston, George Lucas and Woody Allen.[10]

Film colorization (or colourisation) is any process that adds color to black-and-white, sepia, or other monochrome moving-picture images. It may be done as a special effect, to “modernize” black-and-white films, or to restore color films. The first examples date from the early 20th century, but colorization has become common with the advent of digital image processing.

Categories: Black-and-white filmsLists of films by technologyAlternate versions of films

Media mogul Ted Turner was once an aggressive proponent of this process, by employing the San Diego firm American Film Technologies.[17] When he told members of the press in July 1988 that he was considering colorizing Citizen Kane,[18] Turner’s comments led to an immediate public outcry.[19] In January 1989 the Associated Press reported that two companies were producing color tests of Citizen Kane for Turner Entertainment. Criticism increased with the AP’s report that filmmaker Henry Jaglom remembered that shortly before his death Orson Welles had implored him to protect Kane from being colorized.[20]

A[edit] Title Year produced Year colorized Distributor and color conversion company Above and Beyond 1952 1992 Turner Entertainment[1] The Absent-Minded Professor 1961 1986 The Walt Disney Company[2] (Color Systems Technology)[3][a] An Ache in Every Stake 1941 2004 Columbia Pictures (West Wing Studios)[6] Across the Pacific 1942 1987 Turner Entertainment[7] Action in the North Atlantic 1943 1988 Turner Entertainment[8] Adam’s Rib 1949 1988 Turner Entertainment[9][10] The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn 1939 1989 Turner Entertainment[11] Advise & Consent 1962 1988 Hal Roach Studios[12][b] Africa Screams 1949 1988 Color Systems Technology[14] Africa Screams 1949 2005 Legend Films[15] Africa Squeaks 1940 1992 Warner Bros.

[16] After the Thin Man 1936 1993 Turner Entertainment[17] All Fall Down 1962 1989 Turner Entertainment[2][18] Allegheny Uprising 1939 1988 Turner Entertainment[19] Alpine Antics 1936 1995 Warner Bros.

[20] Ambush 1950 1992 Turner Entertainment[21] The Americanization of Emily 1964 1990 Turner Entertainment[2][22] And the Wife Shall Revere Her Husband 1965 2016 Spentzos Film (West Wing Studios)[23] Angel and the Badman 1947 1986 Hal Roach Studios[24] (Colorization, Inc.

[3]) Angel and the Badman 1947 1991 Republic Pictures[25] Angels with Dirty Faces 1938 1989 Turner Entertainment[26] The Angry Hills 1959 1992 Turner Entertainment[27] Annie Oakley 1935 1991 Turner Entertainment[28][29] Another Fine Mess 1930 1992 Cabin Fever Entertainment[30] Arbor Day 1936 1994[31] RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[31] Arch of Triumph 1948 1992 Republic Pictures[32] Arsenic and Old Lace 1944 1988 Turner Entertainment[33] (Color Systems Technology[34]) The Asphalt Jungle 1950 1988 Turner Entertainment[35] B[edit] Title Year produced Year colorized Distributor and color conversion company Babes in Arms 1939 1993 Turner Entertainment[36][37] Babes in Toyland 1934 1991 GoodTimes Home Video[38] Babes in Toyland 1934 2006 Legend Films (retitled March of the Wooden Soldiers)[39] Baby Take a Bow 1934 1995 20th Century Fox[40] The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer 1947 1989 Turner Entertainment[41] Bachelor Mother 1939 1988 Turner Entertainment[42] Back to Bataan 1945 1989 Turner Entertainment[43] The Bad and the Beautiful 1952 1989 Turner Entertainment[44] Badman’s Territory 1946 1991 Turner Entertainment[45] Bargain Day 1931 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[46] The Barn Dance 1929 1991 The Walt Disney Company[47] Bataan 1943 1988 Turner Entertainment[48] Battle Circus 1953 1991 Turner Entertainment[49] Battleground 1949 1989 Turner Entertainment[50] Be Big! 1931 1992 Cabin Fever Entertainment[51][52] Bear Facts 1938 2009 Legend Films[53] Beau Hunks 1931 1992 Cabin Fever Entertainment[54] Bedtime Worries 1933 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[55] Beer Barrel Polecats 1946 2007 Columbia Pictures (West Wing Studios)[56] Beginner’s Luck 1935 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.[57] The Bells of St. Mary’s 1945 1987 Republic Pictures[58] Below Zero 1930 1992 Cabin Fever Entertainment[59] Berth Marks 1929 1992 Cabin Fever Entertainment[60] Beyond Tomorrow 1940 2004 Legend Films (retitled Beyond Christmas)[61] The Big Sky 1952 1989 Turner Entertainment[62] The Big Sleep 1946 1989 Turner Entertainment[63] The Big Steal 1949 1991 Turner Entertainment[64][65] Birthday Blues 1932 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[66] The Bishop’s Wife 1947 Turner Entertainment[67]:49 Black Beauty 1946 1988 Color Systems Technology[2][68] Black Dragons 1942 1989 American Film Technologies, Inc.[69] Black Hand 1950 1992 Turner Entertainment[70] Black Magic 1949 1989 Color Systems Technology[2][71] Blackboard Jungle 1955 1990 Turner Entertainment[72] Block-Heads 1938 1991 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[73] Blood on the Moon 1948 1990 Turner Entertainment[74] Blood on the Sun 1945 1992 Republic Pictures[75] Blotto 1930 1992 Cabin Fever Entertainment[76] The Blow Out 1936 1995 Warner Bros.[77] Blue Monday 1938 1988 Turner Entertainment[78] Blue Steel 1934 1990 Color Systems Technology[79] Blue Steel 1934 1995 CST Entertainment, Inc.

(retitled Bandits of the Badlands)[80] Blue Steel 1934 2006 Legend Films (retitled Stolen Goods)[81] The Bohemian Girl 1936 1991 Hal Roach Studios[82][83] Bombardier 1943 1992 Turner Entertainment[84] Boom Boom 1936 1992 Warner Bros.

[85] Boom Town 1940 1988 Turner Entertainment[86] Bordertown 1935 Turner Entertainment[67]:63 Bored of Education 1936 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.[87] Bored of Education 1936 2009 Legend Films[88] Boys Town 1938 1989 Turner Entertainment[89] Brats 1930 1992 Cabin Fever Entertainment[90] Brewster’s Millions 1945 1989 Color Systems Technology[2][91] The Bride Came C.

O.D. 1941 1991 Turner Entertainment[92] Bride of the Monster 1956 2008 Legend Films[93] Brideless Groom 1947 2007 Columbia Pictures (West Wing Studios)[56] Bright Eyes 1934 1986 20th Century Fox (Color Systems Technology)[3] Bringing Up Baby 1938 1989 Turner Entertainment[94] Building a Building 1933 1991 The Walt Disney Company[95] Buried Treasure 1938 1988 Turner Entertainment[96] Busy Bodies 1933 1991 Hal Roach Studios[82][97] C[edit] Title Year produced Year colorized Distributor and color conversion company Calling All Curs 1939 2006 Columbia Pictures (West Wing Studios)[98] Came the Brawn 1938 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[99] Camille 1936 1990 Turner Entertainment[100] (Color Systems Technology[101]) Canned Fishing 1938 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.[102] The Canterville Ghost 1944 1991 Turner Entertainment[103] Captain Blood 1935 1987 Turner Entertainment[104][105] Captain January 1936 1994 20th Century Fox[106] The Captain’s Pup 1938 1988 Turner Entertainment[107] Captains Courageous 1937 1989 Turner Entertainment[108] Carbine Williams 1952 1987 Turner Entertainment[109] Carnival of Souls 1962 2004 Legend Films[110] Casablanca 1942 1988 Turner Entertainment[111] (American Film Technologies Inc.

[112]) The Case of the Stuttering Pig 1937 1995 Warner Bros.[113] The Catered Affair 1956 1988 Turner Entertainment[2][114] Chain Lightning 1950 1991 Turner Entertainment[115] Champion 1949 1991 Republic Pictures[116] The Charge of the Light Brigade 1936 1987 Turner Entertainment[117] (Color Systems Technology)[34] Chickens Come Home 1931 1992 Cabin Fever Entertainment[118] The Chimp 1932 1992 Cabin Fever Entertainment[119] China Seas 1935 1990 Turner Entertainment[120] Choo-Choo! 1932 2007 Legend Films[121] A Christmas Carol 1938 1988 Turner Entertainment[122] A Christmas Carol 1951 1989 VCI Entertainment[citation needed] Christmas in Connecticut 1945 1989 Turner Entertainment[123] A Chump at Oxford 1940 1990 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[124] The Citadel 1938 1992 Turner Entertainment[125] Clash by Night 1952 1992 Turner Entertainment[126] Cleaning House 1938 1988 Turner Entertainment[127] The Clock 1945 1993 Turner Entertainment[128] Colorado Territory 1949 1991 Turner Entertainment[129] Command Decision 1948 1989 Turner Entertainment[130] Confusions of a Nutzy Spy 1943 1992 Warner Bros.

[131] Copacabana 1947 1992 Republic Pictures[132] Cornered 1945 1991 Turner Entertainment[133] The Corsican Brothers 1941 1988 Color Systems Technology[134] The Count of Monte Cristo 1934 1989 Color Systems Technology[135] County Hospital 1932 1992 Cabin Fever Entertainment[136] A Coy Decoy 1941 1990 Warner Bros.

[137] Creature from the Haunted Sea 1961 2008 Legend Films[138] The Crimson Ghost 1946 1990 Republic Pictures[139] Crisis 1950 1989 Turner Entertainment[140] Crosby, Columbo, and Vallee 1932 1992 Turner Entertainment[141] Crossfire 1947 1991 Turner Entertainment[142][143] Cry of the Hunted 1953 1992 Turner Entertainment[144] Cry Terror! 1958 1990 Turner Entertainment[145] Curly Top 1935 1986 20th Century Fox[2] (Color Systems Technology)[3] The Curse of the Cat People 1944 1990 Turner Entertainment[146] Cyrano de Bergerac 1950 1992 Republic Pictures[147] D[edit] Title Year produced Year colorized Distributor and color conversion company The Daffy Doc 1938 1995 Warner Bros.

[148] The Daffy Duckaroo 1942 1990 Warner Bros.[149] Daffy’s Southern Exposure 1942 1992 Warner Bros.[150] Dakota 1945 1992 Republic Pictures[151] A Damsel in Distress 1937 1993 Turner Entertainment[152] Dangerous Moonlight 1941 1992 Turner Entertainment[153] Dark Command 1940 1991 Republic Pictures[154] Dark Passage 1947 1990 Turner Entertainment[155] Dark Victory 1939 1987 Turner Entertainment[156] David Copperfield 1935 1988 Turner Entertainment[157] The Dawn Rider 1935 1995 CST Entertainment, Inc.

(retitled Avenging Angel)[158] The Dawn Rider 1935 2007 Legend Films (retitled Cold Vengeance)[159] A Day at the Beach 1938 1988 Turner Entertainment[160] The Desert Trail 1935 1995 CST Entertainment, Inc.

(retitled On the Run)[161] Desperate 1947 Turner Entertainment[67]:136 Desperate Journey 1942 1991 Turner Entertainment[162] Destination Tokyo 1943 1987 Turner Entertainment[163] Destry Rides Again 1939 1996 Universal Pictures[164] The Devil Bat 1940 2008 Legend Films[165] The Devil-Doll 1936 1992 Turner Entertainment[166] Devil’s Doorway 1950 1991 Turner Entertainment[167] Dimples 1936 1986 20th Century Fox (Color Systems Technology)[3] Dinner at Eight 1933 1993 Turner Entertainment (American Film Technologies)[168][169] Dirty Work 1934 1991 Hal Roach Studios[82][97] Disorder in the Court 1936 2006 Columbia Pictures (West Wing Studios)[98][170] Divot Diggers 1936 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[171] Divot Diggers 1936 2007 Legend Films[172] Dizzy Doctors 1937 2006 Columbia Pictures (West Wing Studios)[98][173] DOA 1950 1986 Hal Roach Studios[174][175] Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde 1941 1988 Turner Entertainment[176][177] (Color Systems Technology)[101] The Dognapper 1934 1991 The Walt Disney Company[178] Dogs is Dogs 1931 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[179] Dogs is Dogs 1931 2009 Legend Films[180] Dopey Dicks 1950 2007 Columbia Pictures (West Wing Studios)[56][181] A Double Life 1947 1992 Republic Pictures[182] A Dream Walking 1933 1987 Turner Entertainment[183] Dream Wife 1953 1989 Turner Entertainment[184] Dressed to Kill 1946 1989 American Film Technologies[185] Dressed to Kill 1946 2005 Legend Films (retitled Prelude to Murder)[186] E[edit] Title Year produced Year colorized Distributor and color conversion company Earth vs.

the Flying Saucers 1956 2008 Sony Pictures Home Entertainment (Legend Films)[187][188] Edge of Darkness 1943 1992 Turner Entertainment[189] Edge of the City 1957 1989 Turner Entertainment[190] Edison, the Man 1940 1991 Turner Entertainment[191] The Enchanted Cottage 1945 1991 Turner Entertainment[192] Eternally Yours 1939 1989 American Film Technologies[193] Every Girl Should Be Married 1948 1989 Turner Entertainment[194] Experiment Perilous 1944 1990 Turner Entertainment[195] F[edit] Title Year produced Year colorized Distributor and color conversion company The Fallen Idol 1948 [67]:170 Family Honeymoon 1949 [67]:170 A Farewell to Arms 1932 [67]:171 The Fastest Gun Alive 1956 1987 Turner Entertainment[196] Father of the Bride 1950 1987 Turner Entertainment[197] Father’s Little Dividend 1950 1989 Turner Entertainment (American Film Technologies)[198][199] The Fighting 69th 1940 1987 Turner Entertainment[200] The Fighting Kentuckian 1949 1990 Republic Pictures[201][202] The Fighting Seabees 1944 1990 Republic Pictures[203] The First Round-Up 1934 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[204] Fish Hooky 1933 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.[205] Fish Tales 1936 1992 Warner Bros.[206] Fishy Tales 1937 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.[207] The Fixer Uppers 1935 1991 Hal Roach Studios[82][208] Flame of Barbary Coast 1945 1991 Republic Pictures[209][210] Fly My Kite 1931 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[211] Fly My Kite 1931 2007 Legend Films[212] The Flying Deuces 1939 1990 RHI Entertainment, Inc.[213] The Flying Deuces 1939 2012 Legend Films[214] Flying Down to Rio 1933 1992 [67]:182[215] Flying Tigers 1942 1989 Republic Pictures[216] For Me and My Gal 1942 1993 Turner Entertainment[217] For Pete’s Sake! 1934 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[218] For Pete’s Sake! 1934 2007 Legend Films[219] Forgotten Babies 1933 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.[220] Fort Apache 1948 1989 Turner Entertainment[221] 42nd Street 1933 1986 Turner Entertainment[222] Framing Youth 1937 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[223] Freddy the Freshman 1932 1992 Turner Entertainment[224] Free Eats 1932 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.[225] Free Wheeling 1932 2007 Legend Films[226] The Fugitive 1947 1993 Turner Entertainment[227] Fury 1936 1991 Turner Entertainment[228] G[edit] Title Year produced Year colorized Distributor and color conversion company G Men 1935 [67]:209 The Gallopin’ Gaucho 1929 1991 The Walt Disney Company[229] Gaslight 1944 1992 Turner Entertainment[230] The Gay Divorcee 1934 1993 Turner Entertainment[231] The Gazebo 1959 1988 Turner Entertainment[2][232] Gentleman Jim 1942 1992 Turner Entertainment[233][234] George Washington Slept Here 1942 1991 Turner Entertainment[235][236] Get Rich Quick Porky 1937 1992 Warner Bros.

[237] The Giant Gila Monster 1959 2007 Legend Films[238] Giantland 1933 1991 The Walt Disney Company[239] A Global Affair 1964 1991 Turner Entertainment[240] Glove Taps 1937 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[241] God Is My Co-Pilot 1945 1992 Turner Entertainment[242] Godzilla, King of the Monsters! 1956 1977 Luigi Cozzi[243] Going Bye-Bye! 1934 1991 Hal Roach Studios[82][244] Gold Diggers of ’49 1936 1995 Warner Bros.

[245] Goodbye, Mr. Chips 1939 1993 Turner Entertainment[246][247] Goopy Geer 1932 1992 Turner Entertainment[248] The Gospel According to St. Matthew 1964 2007 Legend Films[249] The Great Rupert 1950 2003 Legend Films (retitled A Christmas Wish)[250] The Great Sinner 1949 1992 Turner Entertainment[251] The Great Ziegfeld 1936 1993 Turner Entertainment[252] Gung Ho 1943 Turner Entertainment[2] Gunga Din 1939 1989 Turner Entertainment[253] H[edit] Title Year produced Year colorized Distributor and color conversion company Hearts Are Thumps 1937 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[254] Helping Grandma 1931 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.[255] Helpmates 1932 1986 Hal Roach Studios[256] Heidi 1937 1987 20th Century Fox[257] The Henpecked Duck 1941 1992 Warner Bros.[258] Hi’-Neighbor! 1934 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[259] Hi’-Neighbor! 1934 2007 Legend Films[260] Hide and Shriek 1938 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.[261] Hide and Shriek 1938 2007 Legend Films[262] High Noon 1952 1990 Republic Pictures[263] High Sierra 1941 1988 Turner Entertainment[264] High Wall 1947 1992 Turner Entertainment[265] Hog Wild 1930 1992 Cabin Fever Entertainment[266] Holiday Affair 1949 1991 Turner Entertainment[267] Holiday Inn 1942 2008 Universal Studios (Legend Films)[268] Honduras Hurricane 1938 1988 Turner Entertainment[269] Honky Tonk 1941 1992 Turner Entertainment[270] Hook and Ladder 1932 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[271] The Hoose-Gow 1929 1992 Cabin Fever Entertainment[272] House on Haunted Hill 1959 2005 Legend Films[273] The Hucksters 1947 [67]:256 Hum Dono 1961 2011 Navketan films[274] The Human Comedy 1943 1990 Turner Entertainment[275] The Hunchback of Notre Dame 1939 1988 Turner Entertainment[276] I[edit] Title Year produced Year colorized Distributor and color conversion company I Remember Mama 1948 1990 Turner Entertainment[277] I’ll Cry Tomorrow 1955 1989 Turner Entertainment[278] I’ll Never Heil Again 1941 2007 Columbia Pictures (West Wing Studios)[56][279] Imitation General 1958 1992 Turner Entertainment[280] The Impatient Patient 1942 1992 Warner Bros.

[281] In Name Only 1939 1993 Turner Entertainment[282] In Old California 1942 1991 Republic Pictures[283] In Old Oklahoma 1943 1992 Republic Pictures[284] In This Our Life 1942 1990 Turner Entertainment[285] Intruder in the Dust 1949 1994 Turner Entertainment[286] Invasion of the Body Snatchers 1956 1988 Republic Pictures[287] It Came from Beneath the Sea 1955 2008 Sony Pictures Home Entertainment (Legend Films)[188][288] It’s a Wonderful Life 1946 1986 Hal Roach Studios[289] (Colorization, Inc.

[3]) It’s a Wonderful Life 1946 1989 Republic Pictures[290] (American Film Technologies, Inc.[290]) It’s a Wonderful Life 1946 2007 Paramount Home Entertainment (Legend Films)[291][292] It’s a Wonderful World 1939 1992 Turner Entertainment[293] It’s Got Me Again! 1932 1992 Turner Entertainment[294] J[edit] Title Year produced Year colorized Distributor and color conversion company The Jackie Robinson Story 1950 2005 Legend Films[295] Jailhouse Rock 1957 1989 Turner Entertainment[296][297] Jeepers Creepers 1939 1968 Warner Bros.

[298] Jeepers Creepers 1939 1990 Warner Bros.[299] Jezebel 1938 1988 Turner Entertainment (Tintoretto Inc.)[300] Johnny Belinda 1948 1991 Turner Entertainment[301] Johnny Eager 1941 1993 Turner Entertainment (American Film Technologies)[302][303] Jour de Fête 1949 1964 [304] Jour de Fête 1949 1995 [304] Journey into Fear 1943 1991 Turner Entertainment[305] Julie 1956 1990 Turner Entertainment[306] Julius Caesar 1953 1993 Turner Entertainment[307] Just Around the Corner 1938 1989 20th Century Fox[308] (Color Systems Technology[3]) K[edit] Title Year produced Year colorized Distributor and color conversion company Kasturi Nivasa 1971 2014 M/s KCN Enterprises[309] Key Largo 1948 1988 Turner Entertainment[310] The Kid From Borneo 1933 2007 Legend Films[311] Killer McCoy 1947 1992 Turner Entertainment[312] The Killer Shrews 1959 2007 Legend Films[313] King Kong 1933 1989 Turner Entertainment[314] Kings Row 1942 1989 Turner Entertainment[315] Kit Carson 1940 1988 Turner Entertainment (Color Systems Technology)[2][316] Knute Rockne, All American 1940 1988 Turner Entertainment[317] L[edit] Title Year produced Year colorized Distributor and color conversion company A Lad an’ a Lamp 1932 2007 Legend Films[318] Lady from Louisiana 1941 1993 Republic Pictures[319][320] A Lady Takes a Chance 1943 1992 Republic Pictures[321] The Last Days of Pompeii 1935 1990 Turner Entertainment[322] The Last Gangster 1937 1992 Turner Entertainment[323] The Last Man on Earth 1964 2008 Legend Films[324] The Last of the Mohicans 1936 1989 Color Systems Technology[325] Laughing Gravy 1931 1991 Hal Roach Studios[82][208] The Laurel-Hardy Murder Case 1930 1991 Hal Roach Studios[82][326] The Lawless Frontier 1934 1995 CST Entertainment, Inc.

(retitled Vengeance Is Mine)[327] The Letter 1940 1989 Turner Entertainment (Tintoretto Inc.)[300][328] Libeled Lady 1936 1994 Turner Entertainment[329] Little Beau Porky 1936 1992 Warner Bros.[330] The Little Colonel 1935 1986 Color Systems Technology[citation needed] Little Lord Fauntleroy 1936 [67]:323 Little Miss Broadway 1938 1986 Color Systems Technology[citation needed] Little Miss Marker 1934 1996 CST Entertainment Imaging, Inc.

[citation needed] The Little Shop of Horrors 1960 1987 Color Systems Technology[331] The Little Shop of Horrors 1960 2006 Legend Films[332] Little Women 1933 1992 Turner Entertainment[333] The Littlest Rebel 1935 1986 Color Systems Technology[citation needed] The Live Ghost 1934 1988 Hal Roach Studios[334] The Live Ghost 1934 1991 Hal Roach Studios[82][335] The Longest Day 1962 1994 20th Century Fox[336] Love Business 1931 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[337] The Lucky Corner 1936 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.[338] The Lucky Texan 1934 1990 Color Systems Technology[339] The Lucky Texan 1934 1995 CST Entertainment, Inc. (retitled Cowboy G-man)[340] The Lucky Texan 1934 2006 Legend Films (retitled Gold Strike River)[341] The Lusty Men 1952 1991 Turner Entertainment[342] M[edit] Title Year produced Year colorized Distributor and color conversion company Macao 1952 1992 Turner Entertainment[343] Madame Bovary 1949 1992 Turner Entertainment[344] The Mad Miss Manton 1938 1992 Turner Entertainment[345] Made for Each Other 1939 1988 Hal Roach Studios[346] Magic Town 1947 1990 Republic Pictures[347] The Magnificent Ambersons 1942 1989 Turner Entertainment[348] Mail and Female 1937 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[349] Mail and Female 1937 2009 Legend Films[350] The Maltese Falcon 1941 1986 Turner Entertainment[351] Mama’s Little Pirate 1934 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.[352] Mama’s New Hat 1939 1988 Turner Entertainment[353] The Man from Utah 1934 1991 Republic Pictures[354] The Man from Utah 1934 1995 CST Entertainment, Inc.

(retitled Rodeo Racketeers)[355] The Man in the Iron Mask 1939 1990 Video Treasures[356] (Color Systems Technology)[2][357] The Man Who Came to Dinner 1942 1988 Turner Entertainment[358] Manhattan Melodrama 1934 1990 Turner Entertainment[359] Mark of the Vampire 1935 1993 Turner Entertainment[360][361] The Mark of Zorro 1940 2005 20th Century Fox[362] Mary of Scotland 1936 1993 Turner Entertainment[363] The Mask of Dimitrios 1944 1992 Turner Entertainment[364] The Mask of Fu Manchu 1932 1992 Turner Entertainment[365][366] Mayabazaar 1957 2010 Goldstone Technologies[367] Me and My Pal 1933 1991 Hal Roach Studios[82][368] Meet John Doe 1941 1992 Krypton International Corporation[369] Men in Black 1934 2004 Columbia Pictures (West Wing Studios)[370] Men O’ War 1929 1991 Hal Roach Studios[82][371] Mickey’s Choo-Choo 1929 1991 The Walt Disney Company[372] Mickey’s Gala Premier 1933 1991 The Walt Disney Company[373] Mighty Joe Young 1949 1989 Turner Entertainment[374] Mike Fright 1934 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[375] Mildred Pierce 1945 1990 Turner Entertainment[376] The Miracle of the Bells 1948 1988 Republic Pictures[377] Miracle on 34th Street 1947 1985 20th Century Fox (Color Systems Technology[3])[378] Miracle on 34th Street 1947 2006 20th Century Fox (Legend Films)[citation needed] Miss Annie Rooney 1942 1988 Color Systems Technology[379] Missile to the Moon 1958 2007 Legend Films[380] The Mask of Fu Manchu 1932 1992 Turner Entertainment[366] The Money Trap 1965 1993 Turner Entertainment[381] Moonlight for Two 1932 1992 Turner Entertainment[382] The Most Dangerous Game 1932 1991 Annahold, BV[383] Most Dangerous Game 1932 2008 Legend Films[384] The Mortal Storm 1940 1992 Turner Entertainment[385] Mr.

Blandings Builds His Dream House 1948 1992 Turner Entertainment[386] Mr. Peabody and the Mermaid 1948 1989 Republic Pictures[387] Mrs. Miniver 1942 1990 Turner Entertainment[388] Mrs. Parkington 1944 1993 Turner Entertainment[389] Mughal-e-Azam 1960 2004 Sterling investment[390] Murder, My Sweet 1944 1990 Turner Entertainment[391] Mush and Milk 1933 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[392] The Music Box 1932 1986 Hal Roach Studios[393] (Colorization, Inc.[3]) Mutiny on the Bounty 1935 1989 Turner Entertainment[394] (Color Systems Technology[101]) My Favorite Wife 1940 1989 Turner Entertainment[395] My Man Godfrey 1936 1993 Cerulean Fxs, Inc.

[396] My Man Godfrey 1936 2005 Legend Films[397] Mystery Street 1950 1992 Turner Entertainment[398] N[edit] Title Year produced Year colorized Distributor and color conversion company The Narrow Margin 1952 1991 Turner Entertainment[399][400] Naughty Neighbors 1939 1992 Warner Bros.

[401] Naya Daur 1957 2007 B. R. Films[402] ‘Neath the Arizona Skies 1934 1990 VidAmerica[403] A Night at the Opera 1935 1992 Turner Entertainment[404][405] Night ‘n’ Gales 1937 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[406] Night ‘n’ Gales 1937 2007 Legend Films[407] The Night of the Iguana 1964 1992 Turner Entertainment[408] Night of the Living Dead 1968 1986 Hal Roach Studios[409] Night of the Living Dead 1968 1993 CST Entertainment Imaging, Inc.

[410] Night of the Living Dead 1968 2004 Legend Films[411] Night Owls 1930 1992 Cabin Fever Entertainment[412] Ninotchka 1939 1991 Turner Entertainment[413] No Census, No Feeling 1940 2004 Columbia Pictures (West Wing Studios)[6][414] None but the Lonely Heart 1944 1990 Turner Entertainment[415] The North Star 1943 [67]:401 Notes to You 1941 1992 Warner Bros.

[416] Now And Forever 1934 1996 Universal Pictures[417] O[edit] Title Year produced Year colorized Distributor and color conversion company Objective Burma 1945 1989 Turner Entertainment[418] Of Human Bondage 1934 [67]:405 Old Smokey 1938 1988 Turner Entertainment[419] Oliver the Eighth 1934 1991 Hal Roach Studios[82][326] On Dangerous Ground 1951 1992 Turner Entertainment[420][421] Once Upon a Honeymoon 1942 1992 Turner Entertainment[422] One Good Turn 1931 1992 Cabin Fever Entertainment[423] One Minute to Zero 1952 1990 Turner Entertainment[424] One More Time 1931 1992 Turner Entertainment[425] One Touch of Venus 1948 1991 Republic Pictures[426][427] Our Gang Follies of 1936 1935 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[428] Our Gang Follies of 1936 1935 2007 Legend Films (retitled Little Rascals Follies)[429] Our Gang Follies of 1938 1937 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.[430] Our Little Girl 1935 1986 20th Century Fox (Color Systems Technology)[3] Our Relations 1936 1990 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[431] Our Wife 1931 1992 Cabin Fever Entertainment[432] Out of the Past 1947 1989 Turner Entertainment[433] The Outlaw 1943 1988 Hal Roach Studios[434] Outpost in Morocco 1949 1990 American Film Technologies[435] P[edit] Title Year produced Year colorized Distributor and color conversion company Pack Up Your Troubles 1932 1990 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[436] Pagan Moon 1932 1992 Turner Entertainment[437] Paradise Canyon 1935 2007 Legend Films (retitled Guns Along the Trail)[438] Pardon Us 1931 1990 RHI Entertainment, Inc.[439] Passage to Marseille 1944 1991 Turner Entertainment[440] Pat and Mike 1952 1992 Turner Entertainment[441][442] A Patch of Blue 1965 1990 Turner Entertainment[443] Patient Porky 1940 1992 Warner Bros.

[444] Pay as You Exit 1936 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.[445] Penny Serenade 1941 1992 Republic Pictures[446] Perfect Day 1929 1991 Cabin Fever Entertainment[447] The Petrified Forest 1936 1991 Turner Entertainment[448] Phantom from Space 1953 2008 Legend Films[449] The Phantom Planet 1961 2008 Legend Films[450] The Philadelphia Story 1940 1988 Turner Entertainment[451] The Pigskin Palooka 1937 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[452] The Pinch Singer 1936 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.[453] Plan 9 from Outer Space 1959 2005 Legend Films[454] Plane Dippy 1936 1992 Warner Bros.[455] Playing the Ponies 1937 2004 Columbia Pictures (West Wing Studios)[370] The Pooch 1932 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[456] The Pooch 1932 2009 Legend Films[457] Poor Little Rich Girl 1936 1986 Color Systems Technology[citation needed] Pop Goes the Easel 1935 2006 Columbia Pictures (West Wing Studios)[98] Porky and Gabby 1937 1992 Warner Bros.

[458] Porky in Egypt 1938 1995 Warner Bros.[459] Porky in Wackyland 1938 1995 Warner Bros.[460] Porky’s Five & Ten 1938 1992 Warner Bros.[461] Porky’s Hare Hunt 1938 1992 Warner Bros.[462] Porky’s Hired Hand 1940 1968 Warner Bros.

[463][464] Porky’s Party 1938 1992 Warner Bros.[465] Porky’s Picnic 1939 1995 Warner Bros.[466] Porky’s Preview 1941 1992 Warner Bros.[467] Porky’s Railroad 1937 1968 Warner Bros.[468] Porky’s Railroad 1937 1992 Warner Bros.

[469] Possessed 1947 1991 Turner Entertainment[470] The Postman Always Rings Twice 1946 1988 Turner Entertainment[471] Poultry Pirates 1938 1988 Turner Entertainment[472] Pride of the Marines 1945 1991 Turner Entertainment[473] The Pride of the Yankees 1942 1995 HBO Home Video[474] The Prince and the Pauper 1937 1987 Turner Entertainment[475] The Prisoner of Zenda 1937 1991 Turner Entertainment[476] The Private Life of Henry VIII 1935 [67]:444 The Public Enemy 1931 1989 Turner Entertainment[477] Punch Drunks 1934 2004 Columbia Pictures (West Wing Studios)[370] Pups is Pups 1930 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[478] Pups is Pups 1930 2009 Legend Films[479] Puss n’ Booty 1943 1990 Warner Bros.[480] The Pygmy Hunt 1938 1988 Turner Entertainment[481] R[edit] Title Year produced Year colorized Distributor and color conversion company Rachel and the Stranger 1948 1990 Turner Entertainment[482] The Racket 1951 1990 Turner Entertainment[483] Random Harvest 1942 1990 Turner Entertainment[484] Randy Rides Alone 1934 1991 United American Video[485] Randy Rides Alone 1934 1995 CST Entertainment, Inc.

(retitled The Drifter)[486] Readin’ and Writin’ 1932 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.[487] Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm 1938 1986 20th Century Fox (Color Systems Technology)[3] The Red Badge of Courage 1951 1991 Turner Entertainment[488][489] Red Dust 1932 1991 Turner Entertainment[490] Red-Headed Baby 1931 1992 Turner Entertainment[491] Red River 1948 1996 MGM (Color Systems Technology)[199][492] Reefer Madness 1936 2004 Legend Films[493] Return of the Bad Men 1948 1989 Turner Entertainment[494] Reunion in Rhythm 1937 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[495] Riders of Destiny 1933 1990 VidAmerica (Color Systems Technology)[496][497]) Rio Grande 1950 1989 Republic Pictures[498] Roamin’ Holiday 1937 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.[499] The Roaring Twenties 1939 1988 Turner Entertainment[500] Rogue Cop 1954 [67]:471 Room Service 1938 1989 Turner Entertainment[501] Roughshod 1949 1992 Turner Entertainment[502] Rushin’ Ballet 1937 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[503] Rushin’ Ballet 1937 2009 Legend Films[504] S[edit] Title Year produced Year colorized Distributor and color conversion company Sagebrush Trail 1933 1990 VidAmerica (Color Systems Technology)[505][506] Sagebrush Trail 1933 1995 CST Entertainment, Inc.

(retitled Fugitive)[507] Sagebrush Trail 1933 2006 Legend Films (retitled An Innocent Man)[508] Saint Joan 1957 1987 Hal Roach Studios[509] Sands of Iwo Jima 1949 1988 Republic Pictures[510] San Francisco 1936 1990 Turner Entertainment[2] Santa Fe Trail 1940 1988 Hal Roach Studios[511] (Color Systems Technology[512]) Saps at Sea 1940 1990 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[513] Satya Harishchandra 1965 2008 Goldstone Technologies Limited[514] The Scarlet Pimpernel 1934 American Film Technologies[2][67]:485 Scene of the Crime 1949 1992 Turner Entertainment[515] School’s Out 1930 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[516] School’s Out 1930 2007 Legend Films[517] Scram! 1932 1991 Hal Roach Studios[82][518] Scrap Happy Daffy 1943 1995 Warner Bros.[519] Scrooge 1935 2007 Legend Films[520] The Sea Hawk 1940 1987 Turner Entertainment[2][521] The Sea Wolf 1941 1990 Turner Entertainment[522] Seabiscuit: The Lost Documentary 1939 2003 Legend Films[523] Seal Skinners 1939 1988 Turner Entertainment[524] The Search 1948 [67]:487 Second Childhood 1936 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[525] Second Chorus 1940 1988 Hal Roach Studios[526] Sergeant York 1941 1988 Turner Entertainment[2][527] The Set-Up 1949 1992 Turner Entertainment (American Film Technologies)[528][529] The Seventh Cross 1944 1990 Turner Entertainment[530] The Seventh Victim 1943 1992 Turner Entertainment[531] The Shaggy Dog 1959 The Walt Disney Company[2] The Shaggy Dog 1959 2006 The Walt Disney Company[532] The Shanty Where Santy Claus Lives 1933 1992 Turner Entertainment[533] She 1935 2007 Kino International (Legend Films)[188] Sherlock Holmes and the Secret Weapon 1942 1986 Hal Roach Studios[534] Sherlock Holmes and the Secret Weapon 1942 2005 Legend Films[535] Shiver My Timbers 1934 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[536] The Shop Around the Corner 1940 1990 Turner Entertainment[537] Shrimps for a Day 1934 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.[538] Shrimps for a Day 1934 2007 Legend Films[539] Signpost to Murder 1965 1992 Turner Entertainment[540] The Sitter Downers 1937 2004 Columbia Pictures (West Wing Studios)[370] Slander 1956 1992 Turner Entertainment[541] Smile, Darn Ya, Smile! 1931 1992 Turner Entertainment[542] Somebody Up There Likes Me 1956 1988 Turner Entertainment[2][543] Something to Sing About 1937 1987 Hal Roach Studios[544][545] Son of Kong 1933 1993 Turner Entertainment[546] The Son of Monte Cristo 1940 1989 Color Systems Technology[547] Sons of the Desert 1933 1990 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[548] Spooky Hooky 1936 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.[549] Sprucin’ Up 1935 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.[550] Sprucin’ Up 1935 2009 Legend Films[551] Stagecoach 1939 [67]:528 Stand Up and Cheer! 1934 1986 Color Systems Technology[citation needed] The Star Packer 1934 1995 CST Entertainment, Inc.

(retitled The Shadow Gang)[552] Stars in My Crown 1950 1992 Turner Entertainment[553] Station West 1948 1989 Turner Entertainment[554] Stowaway 1936 1986 20th Century Fox (Color Systems Technology)[3] The Stranger 1946 1988 Hal Roach Studios[555] The Stratton Story 1949 1988 Turner Entertainment[2][556] Suddenly 1954 1986 Hal Roach Studios[557] (Colorization, Inc.

[3]) Suddenly 1954 2009 Legend Films[558] Sundown 1941 [67]:544 Susannah of the Mounties 1939 1986 20th Century Fox[2] (Color Systems Technology[3]) Suspicion 1941 1989 Turner Entertainment[2] Sweet Smell of Success 1957 1996 MGM[559] Swing Parade of 1946 1946 2007 Legend Films[560] Swiss Miss 1938 1990 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[561] Sylvia Scarlett 1935 1992 Turner Entertainment (American Film Technologies)[562] T[edit] Title Year produced Year colorized Distributor and color conversion company A Tale of Two Cities 1935 Turner Entertainment[67]:551 Tall in the Saddle 1944 1989 Turner Entertainment[563][564] The Tall Target 1951 1993 Turner Entertainment[565] Tarzan the Ape Man 1932 1990 Turner Entertainment[566] Teacher’s Beau 1935 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[567] Teacher’s Pet 1930 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.[568] Ten Seconds to Hell 1959 1996 MGM[569] Terror by Night 1946 1987 Hal Roach Studios[570] Terror by Night 1946 2005 Legend Films[571] Test Pilot 1938 1990 Turner Entertainment[572] That Uncertain Feeling 1941 [67]:564 Their First Mistake 1932 1993 Cabin Fever Entertainment[573] Them Thar Hills 1934 1997 Cabin Fever Entertainment[574] They Died with Their Boots On 1941 1988 Turner Entertainment[2][575] They Live by Night 1948 1992 Turner Entertainment[576] They Were Expendable 1945 1988 Turner Entertainment[2][577] They Won’t Believe Me 1947 1993 Turner Entertainment[578] Thicker than Water 1935 1991 Hal Roach Studios[82][579] The Thin Man 1934 1992 Turner Entertainment[580] The Thing from Another World 1951 1989 Turner Entertainment[581] Things to Come 1936 2006 Legend Films[582] The Third Man 1949 [67]:569 Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo 1944 1988 Turner Entertainment[583] 36 Hours 1965 1990 Turner Entertainment[584] Three Comrades 1938 1992 Turner Entertainment[585] Three Faces West 1940 1993 Republic Pictures[586] Three Men in a Tub 1938 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[587] Three Strangers 1946 1991 Turner Entertainment[588] Tip on a Dead Jockey 1957 1993 Turner Entertainment[589] Tit for Tat 1935 1991 Hal Roach Studios[82][590] To Have and Have Not 1944 1990 Turner Entertainment[591] Tom Brown’s School Days 1940 1991 Gold Key Entertainment[592] Tom, Dick and Harry 1941 1992 Turner Entertainment[593] Too Hot to Handle 1938 1993 Turner Entertainment[594][595] Topper 1937 1985 Hal Roach Studios (Colorization, Inc.

)[596]First film to be digitally colorized[597][598][599] Topper Returns 1941 1987 Hal Roach Studios[600] Topper Takes a Trip 1938 1987 Hal Roach Studios[601] Torrid Zone 1940 1992 Turner Entertainment[602][603] Tortilla Flat 1942 1989 Turner Entertainment[604] Towed in a Hole 1932 1993 Cabin Fever Entertainment[605] The Trail Beyond 1934 1993 United American Video[606] The Trail Beyond 1934 1995 CST Entertainment, Inc.

(retitled Klondike Gold)[607] Treasure Island 1934 1989 Turner Entertainment[608] The Treasure of the Sierra Madre 1948 1989 Turner Entertainment[609] Trial 1955 1992 Turner Entertainment[610] 20 Million Miles to Earth 1957 2007 Sony Pictures Home Entertainment (Legend Films)[188][611] Twice Two 1932 1993 Cabin Fever Entertainment[612] The Two Mrs.

Carrolls 1947 1989 Turner Entertainment[613] Two Too Young 1937 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.[614] U[edit] Title Year produced Year colorized Distributor and color conversion company Unaccustomed As We Are 1929 1991 Hal Roach Studios[82][615] Until They Sail 1957 1990 Turner Entertainment[616] Utopia 1954 1990 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[617] V[edit] Title Year produced Year colorized Distributor and color conversion company Village of the Damned 1960 1992 Turner Entertainment[618][619] Violent Is the Word for Curly 1938 2004 Columbia Pictures (West Wing Studios)[6] W[edit] Title Year produced Year colorized Distributor and color conversion company Wagon Master 1950 1989 Turner Entertainment[620] Wake of the Red Witch 1948 1989 Republic Pictures[621] Wake Up the Gypsy in Me 1933 1992 Turner Entertainment[622] Waldo’s Last Stand 1940 2007 Legend Films[623] The War Lover 1962 2003[c] Sony Pictures (West Wing Studios)[362][624] Washee Ironee 1934 2007 Legend Films[625] Waterloo Bridge 1940 1990 Turner Entertainment[626] Way Out West 1937 1985 Hal Roach Studios (Colorization, Inc.

)[627] We, the Animals Squeak! 1941 1992 Warner Bros.[628] Wee Willie Winkie 1937 1986 20th Century Fox[2] (Color Systems Technology[3]) West of the Divide 1934 1989 Color Systems Technology[629] West of the Divide 1934 1995 CST Entertainment, Inc.

(retitled Next of Kin)[630] The Westerner 1940 [67]:622 Westward the Women 1951 1988 Turner Entertainment[2][631] Westward Whoa 1936 1992 Warner Bros.[632] What a Lion! 1938 1988 Turner Entertainment[633] What Price Porky 1938 1995 Warner Bros.

[634] While the City Sleeps 1956 1992 Turner Entertainment[635] White Heat 1949 1988 Turner Entertainment[2][636] White Zombie 1932 1991 Republic Pictures[637] (American Film Technologies[638]) Who’s Who in the Zoo 1942 1992 Warner Bros.

[639] Wild Poses 1933 1994 RHI Entertainment, Inc.[640] Winchester ’73 1950 1992 Universal PicturesAmerican Film Technologies[641] Winds of the Wasteland 1936 1990 Color Systems Technology[642] Winds of the Wasteland 1936 1995 CST Entertainment, Inc.

(retitled The Stagecoach Race)[643] Winds of the Wasteland 1936 2007 Legend Films (retitled Stagecoach Run)[644][645] The Winning Ticket 1938 1988 Turner Entertainment[646] Wise Quacks 1938 1995 Warner Bros.

[647] Without Reservations 1946 1991 Turner Entertainment[648] The Woman in Green 1945 1989 American Film Technologies[649] The Woman in Green 1945 2005 Legend Films[650] The Woman in the Window 1944 1996 MGM (Color Systems Technology)[199][651] Woman of the Year 1942 1989 Turner Entertainment[652] A Woman’s Secret 1949 1991 Turner Entertainment[653] Y[edit] Title Year produced Year colorized Distributor and color conversion company Yankee Doodle Dandy 1942 1986 Turner Entertainment (Color Systems Technology[3]) You Don’t Know What You’re Doin’! 1931 1992 Turner Entertainment[654] You Nazty Spy! 1940 2004 Columbia Pictures (West Wing Studios)[6] You Ought to Be in Pictures 1940 1995 Warner Bros.

[655] The Young in Heart 1938 1989 Color Systems Technology[2][656] Young People 1940 1986 20th Century Fox[2] (Color Systems Technology[3]) Young Tom Edison 1940 1991 Turner Entertainment[657] Your Cheatin’ Heart 1964 1991 Turner Entertainment[658] Z[edit] Title Year produced Year colorized Distributor and color conversion company Zenobia 1939 1990 RHI Entertainment, Inc.

[659] Zombies of the Stratosphere 1952 1990 Republic Pictures[660] Notes[edit] References[edit]

Gene Siskel and Roger Ebert on colorization of black-and-white films, four parts:

The process was always done by hand, sometimes using a stencil cut from a second print of the film, such as the Pathécolor process. As late as the 1920s, hand coloring processes were used for individual shots in Greed (1924) and The Phantom of the Opera (1925) (both utilizing the Handschiegl color process); and rarely, an entire feature-length movie such as Cyrano de Bergerac (1925) and The Last Days of Pompeii (1926).

See also[edit] National Film Preservation Act TNT (TV channel) Turner Classic Movies / History 2D to 3D conversion—many of the issues involved in colorization, such as object edge identification/recognition, are also encountered in 3-D conversion Colour recovery recovery of color from black and white recordings References[edit] Further reading[edit] Anthony Slide, Nitrate Won’t Wait: A History of Film Preservation in the United States (pg 9, August 1, 2000), ISBN 0-7864-0836-7 External links[edit] Hand coloring on Timeline of Historical Film Colors with many written resources and many photographs of hand colored prints.

Video (09:03) – notable historical still images – now colorized.

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Partial colorization has also been utilized on footage shot in color to enhance commercials and broadcast television to further facilitate the director’s artistic vision. As an example, Cerulean Fx provided partial colorization for Dave Matthews Band’s music video The Space Between as well as Outkast’s music videos Bombs Over Baghdad and Roses.

To perform digital colorization, a digitized copy of the best black and white film print available is used. Technicians, with the aid of computer software, associate a range of gray levels to each object, and indicate to the computer any movement of the objects within a shot. The software is also capable of sensing variations in the light level from frame-to-frame and correcting it if necessary. The technician selects a color for each object based on (1) common “memory” colors such as blue sky, white clouds, flesh tones and green grass, and (2) based on any known information about the movie. If color publicity stills or props from the movie are available to examine, authentic colors may be applied. (3) In the absence of any better information, the technician may choose a color which they feel fits the gray level and is consistent with what a director might have chosen for the scene. The computer software then associates a variation of the basic color with each gray level in the object, while keeping intensity levels the same as in the monochrome original. The software then follows each object from frame to frame, applying the same color until the object leaves the frame. As new objects come into the frame, the technician must associate colors to each new object in the same way as described above.[4] This technique was patented in 1991.[5]

John Huston’s opposition to the colorization of his work led to a landmark three-year French legal case after his death, sparked by a colorized version of The Asphalt Jungle. His daughter Anjelica Huston successfully used French copyright law to set a binding precedent in 1991 that prevents the distribution or broadcasting in France of any colorized version of a film against the wishes of the original creator or their heirs.[24] Major legislative reaction in the United States was the National Film Preservation Act of 1988 (Public Law 100-446), which prohibits any person from knowingly distributing or exhibiting to the public a film that has been materially altered, or a black and white film that has been colorized and is included in the Registry, unless such films are labeled disclosing specified information. This law also created the National Film Registry.

In 1916, the Handschiegl Color Process was invented for Cecil B. DeMille’s film Joan the Woman (1917). Another early example of the Handschiegl process can be found in Phantom of the Opera (1925), in which Lon Chaney’s character can be seen wearing a bright-red cape while the rest of the scene remained monochrome. The scene was toned sepia, and then the cape was painted red, either by stencil or by matrix. Then, a sulfur solution was applied to everything but the dyed parts, turning the sepia into blue tone. The process was named after its inventor, Max Handschiegl. This effect, as well as a missing color sequence, were recreated in 1996 for a Photoplay Productions restoration by computer colorization (see below).

Other studios, such as Sony Entertainment, commissioned West Wing Studios to colorize several Three Stooges films for DVD release. The studio was given access to the original Columbia Studios props and sets to lend authenticity to the colorized versions.[26]

Colorization has also been used to restore scenes from color films that were cut from the finished product but were preserved in black-and-white. In 2018, the originally intended closing scene to the 1978 film Grease (in which the lead characters kiss) was added to the film’s 40th anniversary release. A challenge that still plagues colorization efforts is the fact that the colorized black-and-white film may not match film shot originally in color; Randal Kleiser, the director of Grease, wanted to edit the scene back into the film but found the colors between the scenes did not match well enough to do so. Kleiser is optimistic that colorization technology will be advanced enough to match true color by 2028, when Grease reaches its 50th anniversary.[27]

The full-color feature film Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow (2004), which already made heavy use of digitally generated sets and objects, integrated black-and-white 1940s footage of Sir Laurence Olivier into scenes by colorizing him.

Our attorneys looked at the contract between RKO Pictures Inc. and Orson Welles and his production company, Mercury Productions Inc., and, on the basis of their review, we have decided not to proceed with colorization of the movie. … While a court test might uphold our legal right to colorize the film, provisions of the contract could be read to prohibit colorization without permission of the Welles estate.[21]

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In Peter Jackson’s 2018 First World War well-received documentary, They shall not grow old, black and white footage from the trenches was colourized.[29]

Colorize Photos Use Deep Learning to Automatically Colorize Black and White Photos

A team at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem’s Benin School of Computer Science and Engineering describe their method as an interactive process which does not require precise, manual, region detection, nor accurate tracking, and is based on the premise that adjacent pixels in space and time which have similar gray levels, should also have similar colors. At the University of Minnesota, a color propagation method was developed which uses geodesic distance.[6]

Computerized colorization began in the 1970s using the technique invented by Wilson Markle. These early attempts at colourisation have soft contrast and fairly pale, flat, washed-out color; however, the technology improved steadily since the 1980s.

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Colorization examples, criticism, and controversies[edit] Entertainment make-overs[edit]

The first film colorization methods were hand done by individuals. For example, at least 4% of George Méliès’s output, including some prints of A Trip to the Moon from 1902 and other major films such as The Kingdom of the Fairies, The Impossible Voyage, and The Barber of Seville were individually hand-colored by Elisabeth Thuillier’s coloring lab in Paris.[1] Thuillier, a former colorist of glass and celluloid products, directed a studio of two hundred people painting directly on film stock with brushes, in the colors she chose and specified; each worker was assigned a different color in assembly line style, with more than twenty separate colors often used for a single film. Thuillier’s lab produced about sixty hand-colored copies of A Trip to the Moon, but only one copy is known to exist.[2] The first full-length feature film made by a hand-colored process was The Miracle of 1912.

In 2017, Algorithmia released a free, online colourisation service. Although sample limited, the service uses neural nets with artificial intelligence which is trained on colourised images that are fed to deep generative adversarial networks along with automatically generated grayscale.[1]

The documentary series World War 1 in Colour (2003) was broadcast on television and released on DVD in 2005. There had previously been full-color documentaries about World War II using genuine color footage, but since true color film was not practical for moving pictures at the time of World War I, the series consists of colorized contemporary footage (and photographs). Several documentaries on the Military Channel feature colorized war footage from the Second World War and the Korean War.

Cary Grant was reportedly “very gung-ho with the outcome” of the colorization of Topper.[10] Director Frank Capra met with Wilson Markle about colorizing the perennial Christmas classic It’s a Wonderful Life, Meet John Doe and Lady for a Day based on Grant’s enthusiasm.[10] Colorization, Inc.’s art director Brian Holmes screened ten minutes of colorized footage from It’s a Wonderful Life to Capra, which led Capra to sign a contract with Colorization, Inc.[10] However, the film was believed to be in the public domain at the time, and as a result Markle and Holmes responded by returning Capra’s initial investment, eliminating his financial participation, and refusing outright to allow the director to exercise artistic control over the colorization of his films, leading Capra to join in the campaign against the process.[10][15]

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1 A 2 B 3 C 4 D 5 E 6 F 7 G 8 H 9 I 10 J 11 K 12 L 13 M 14 N 15 O 16 P 17 R 18 S 19 T 20 U 21 V 22 W 23 Y 24 Z 25 Notes 26 References

A highly labor-intensive process, employed by the UK-based film and video colorization artist Stuart Humphryes in conjunction with video restoration company SVS Resources, was employed by the BBC in 2013 for the commercial release of two Doctor Who serials; the first episode of The Mind of Evil and newly discovered black and white footage in the director’s cut of Terror of the Zygons. For these projects, approximately 7,000 key-frames (approximately every 5th PAL video frame) were fully colorized by hand, without the use of masks, layers or the segmentation method. These were then utilised by SVS Resources to interpolate the colour across the intervening surrounding frames using a part computerized/part manual process.[7]

In 2004, a classic Indian film, Mughal-e-Azam, was colored for theatrical release all over the world by a company called Indian Academy of Arts and Animation (IAAA) in association with Sankranti Creations. Founder of IAAA and Owner of [Sankranti creations], Rajeev Dwivedi used this technology for the first time in India.

A number of British television shows which were made in color in the early 1970s were wiped for economic reasons, but in some cases black-and-white telerecordings were made for export to countries that did not yet have color television. An example is the BBC’s five-part Doctor Who story The Dæmons. Only one episode survived in color; the rest existed only as black-and-white film recordings. The only known color recording was a poor-quality over-the-air recording of an abridged broadcast in the United States. In the 1990s the BBC colorized the black-and-white copies by adding the color signal from the over-the-air recordings. The result was judged a success by both technicians and fans. In March 2008, it was announced[8] that new technology, which involves detecting color artifacts (“dot crawl”) in high-resolution scans of black-and-white films, will be used to restore other Who episodes as well as shows like Steptoe and Son where some episodes originally produced in color only exist in black-and-white. However, there are no plans to use colorization on BBC programmes originally produced in black-and-white, such as the 1960s Who episodes since they have no color information available and so cannot be recovered using these methods.[9]

This is a list of black and white films that were subsequently colorized.

Colorization is sometimes used on documentary programmes. The Beatles Anthology TV show colorizes some footage of the band, such as the performance of “All You Need Is Love” from the TV special Our World (1967). In the documentary this scene begins in its original black-and-white before dissolving into seemingly realistic, psychedelic color.[28] The color design was based on color photographs taken at the same time as the special was shot.

In his feature film, The Aviator (2005), Martin Scorsese seamlessly blended colorized stock footage of the Hell’s Angels movie premiere with footage of the premiere’s re-enactment. The colorization by Legend Films was designed to look like normal three-strip film but was then color corrected to match the two-strip look of the premiere’s re-enactment. Also in The Aviator, Scorsese used colorized footage of Jane Russell from the original black-and-white film, The Outlaw and dog fight scenes from Hell’s Angels.

The earliest form of colorization introduced limited color into a black-and-white film using dyes, as a visual effect. The earliest Edison films, most notably the Annabelle Serpentine Dance series, were also the earliest examples of colorization, done by painting aniline dyes onto the emulsion.

Because of the high cost of the process, Turner Entertainment stopped colorizing titles. With the coming of DVD technology, the notion of colorization was once again gaining press. Because the DVD format was more versatile, studios could offer viewers the option to choose between both versions without switching discs, and thus, the release of colorized titles once again seemed profitable. Some companies re-released the older colorized versions from the 1980s—an example of this is the Laurel and Hardy box set being released in the UK.[25]

Colorization is also sometimes used on historical stock footage in color movies. For instance, the film Thirteen Days uses colorized news footage from the time of the Cuban missile crisis of 1962.

Legend Films describes their core technology as pattern recognition and background compositing which moves and morphs foreground and background masks from frame to frame. In the process, backgrounds are colorized separately in a single composite frame which functions as a visual database of a cut, and includes all offset data on each camera movement. Once the foreground areas are colourised, background masks are applied frame-to-frame.

Around 1905, Pathé introduced Pathéchrome, a stencil process that required cutting one or more stencils for each film frame with the aid of a reducing pantograph.

In 2005, Sony Pictures Home Entertainment released the first season of Bewitched on DVD. Because the first season was produced in black-and-white, Sony released two versions of the set: one with the episodes as originally broadcast and a second with the episodes colorized. A year later, the second season of Bewitched and the first season of I Dream of Jeannie, another show owned by Sony, were released the same way. These releases were colorized by Dynacs Digital Studios, a Florida-based company with film colorization and animation studios in Patna, India.

These colorization methods were employed until effective color film processes were developed. During the late 1960s and the early 1970s, black-and-white Betty Boop, Mickey Mouse, and Looney Tunes cartoons were redistributed in color. Supervised by Fred Ladd, color was added by tracing the original black-and-white frames onto new animation cels, and then adding color to the new cels in South Korea. To cut time and expense, Ladd’s process skipped every other frame, cutting the frame rate in half; this technique considerably degraded the quality and timing of the original animation, to the extent that some animation was not carried over or mistakenly altered. The most recent redrawn colorized black-and-white cartoons are the Fleischer Studios/Famous Studios’ Popeye cartoons, the Harman-Ising Merrie Melodies, and MGM’s The Captain and the Kids cartoons, which were colorized in 1987 for airing on the Turner networks.[3] With computer technology, studios were able to add color to black-and-white films by digitally tinting single objects in each frame of the film until it was fully colorized (the first authorized computer-colorizations of B&W cartoons were commissioned by Warner Bros. in 1990). The initial process was invented by Canadian Wilson Markle and was first used in 1970 to add color to monochrome footage of the moon from the Apollo program missions.

Colorized Black And White