Here we have a very in-depth look at 8 different styles you can create using either different processes or chemicals for that unique final image.
That being said, there are still places around that do it at a reasonable price to a good standard. But black and white is a lot harder to get done.
You need to be really careful about this. You’ll find that even landscape shots don’t come out properly, let alone photos of people indoors.
The first black and white analogue film was available in 1889. This means almost 130 years of research and development going into the film that you can buy today.
35mm film and development is becoming increasingly scarce. This is because some of the major developers are getting rid of their wet labs, only doing digital printing.
Do you want to shoot in colour and convert the image in post-processing or go to in-camera black and white? This article helps you to answer these questions and shows you the fundamental ideas you need to think about and get you on the right path.
As we have seen so far, black and white photography concentrates on different attributes than that of colour. Architectural or Fine Art black is no different. In this article, we suggest that your photographic vision or idea needs to come from a ‘black and white mind’. This is, in essence, knowledge of what is important in what you want to photograph, and what you need to emphasize. Focusing on the scene, subject, point of view, light conditions to create the best images.
Now that we have looked primarily at DSLRs, let’s turn our attention towards mobile photography.
All types of lenses are made to different requirements; some focus on light, others on chromatic aberrations and other unwanted effects.
This black and white photography guide will also assume a few things:
Compared to the ease of processing images in Lightroom, Photoshop is a little more complicated and requires more learning time.
Take the photo below for example. I knew when I shot it that the left-hand side of the photo was going to be underexposed and that the right would be overexposed. This actually worked out really well.
The cost of lenses can range from $200 to $2000 and some of you might think that the higher the cost, the better the lens. This is true most of the time. There are also other factors that need to considered.
Please also note that it would be nearly impossible to create a concise black and white photography guide by mentioning every single camera system, darkroom process and equipment, or even available film. This guide will provide general overviews that will apply to the majority of standard equipment and processes.
My nearest lab that will actually develop it in-house is about 25 miles away. This isn’t really a lot of use as the development process itself takes a while. Instead, I take mine to my nearest major lab, who send off for it.
Black and white photographs are easy to create with apps such as Monokrom and Snapseed and can help create some impressive images.
In this field, you are looking to capture as much detail as possible while keeping a high resolution. The important things in this field are using live view, knowledge of dynamic ranges and knowing how to use your DSLR’s sensor.
The standard Polarising, UV and ND/GND filters are often attributed to colour photography. Yet they are also very useful with black and white.
I have noticed over the past 2 years that development is getting more expensive. It’s also taking longer to do and film is becoming harder to find. If we take that as a sign of things to come, it doesn’t look too good.
Whatever the reason, this article helps to show you the benefits of shooting black and white, and how you can use this style to get better results.
Although contrast works well in both colour and black and white, the latter needs it more to stand out and make a lasting impression.
The effects produced and the parameters you have to work within are very different from any other type of photography. This can produce some very interesting results – results that you may associate with a much older style of photography.
Presets are a great way to get very impressive images. They are also fast and easy to use and are created by photographic enthusiasts or Adobe itself.
This concise article will help take you from composition and lighting, through to post-processing treatment.
Street photography is a very versatile topic, where photographs are taken on smartphones, all types of digital and film cameras. They all have their own advantages and disadvantages.
Still-life might be a good place to start for many who would like to start focusing on their black and white photography. This starts at home or in a quiet environment and can give you time and space to practice before jumping into a more chaotic scenario.
The first thing you’ll notice when you get a roll of black and white film developed (particularly with the brand of film that I use: Ilford HP5 Plus) is that the dynamic range is a lot worse than what you’re used to with digital and colour film.
One of my favourite things about shooting on film is how good skin looks.
A full frame DSLR is a top choice as it provides the best performance when accounting for cost, usability, and control over quality. So when they are all combined, this gives you the best route for stunning, dynamic images.
This still takes about 2 weeks or longer. I’m there regularly for printing anyway so it’s not too much of a problem.
The answer is simple – there’s a lot more to it than meets the eye.
This really bothered me the first time I got my film back because I didn’t know about it before I shot. I hadn’t adjusted my shooting style to match it.
You are using a 35mm SLR (single-lens reflex) camera with manual controls. This camera is not only the most popular option for 35mm film but is also the camera most commonly used by beginners. Some 35mm SLR cameras offer automatic controls.
These automatic controls will be discussed in brief as appropriate. You are using black and white film that can be processed with standard developers. A few black and white films are designed to be processed the same way color film is processed (known as C-41 processing).
While these films can certainly provide good results and be printed like standard black and white film, they cannot be developed in the traditional black and white developer.
Photographers using DSLRs choose anything from wide-angle lenses, such as 11-16 mm, to moderate telephoto lenses, such as 85 mm. In this article, you can find lots of information about what the possibilities are and how to use them.
Focusing on the basic ideas and continuing to identify, isolate and control the elements will help your photographic confidence.
That is my favourite reason for shooting on black and white film. You’re forced to hone your skills much faster.
This article can help you choose between black and white, and colour, based on what you want to achieve.
I urge everyone to start shooting on film as soon as possible. There’s a good chance you won’t be able to experience it in the future.
In this article, you can get an idea of what you should be looking at when it comes to editing your work and how to achieve dramatic results.
While Guide to Film Photography has hundreds of pages regarding film photography as it pertains to both color and black and white photography, we feel that having a concise primer for black and white photography will be helpful for those looking for a quick overview. Whenever possible this black and white photography tutorial will link to other helpful pages for further review if you would like to learn more.
You don’t always need a darkroom, with running water, an enlarger and red-light to make your own black and white images.
Luminosity masks are a feature in Photoshop that helps you isolate areas of a high light intensity in the photograph’s pixels. With these selections, you can select areas of the photograph and only work on specific tones, not the whole image. These are great to help boost the focus and look of a specific object in your frame. This article gives you a great rundown, from creating the masks to the finished image.
There are countless arguments whether to stick to the origins of photography and shoot with film or join the modern era and only use digital. The choice, at the end of the day, is down to you. Each of these has very different workflows, equipment and mindsets to get you to the same final stage: the photograph.
What are you wanting to get out of your street photography is the biggest question. This article helps you answer it by giving you a round-up of the 8 best cameras, that have the capacity of taking your street photography to the next level.
If you want to go the extra mile and create black and white images completely by hand, then this article is for you. Developing film at home doesn’t have to be expensive or complicated.
Now your mind has to switch to look at highlights and shadows, tonal ranges, textures and contrast to get that wow factor and the best out of your images.
When it comes down to the editing of your photographs, the hardware can be just as important as the software you use. Your computer monitor will have a colour management system that will show your photographs differently to the colour management of the printing.
Head on over to this extensive article for an in-depth idea of what you should be looking for when shopping for portraiture lenses. It takes into account all the specifications and information you will need.
I’ve written about film photography and I’ve written about black and white photography. You’re probably wondering why I’m writing about black and white film photography.
All digital editing software for Mac, PC, smartphone or Android offers a conversion from colour to black and white. Unless you took a colour photograph, converted it into black and white in a non-destructive manner, you can not revert it. The information is no longer there.
Photographers have very different ideas in mind when they decide whether to shoot black and white, or colour.
This post will take you through each of them and show you how to make the most of black and white photography.
Ted Grant once said “If you want to shoot fashion, shoot in colour, but if you want to shoot emotion, shoot in black and white”. Black and white portraiture brings the vision of the image back to its basic and most truthful state. It also stops colour and chaotic scenes from distracting you and stealing your focus.
Black and white film in particular makes the skin look great. The natural grain adds texture and detail, while the lack of colour emphasises the tone of the skin.
There are many ways to convert to black and white, some of which are non-destructive (allows you to go back to colour if you like) but only a few ways where you can convert the image properly. This article tells you what you should or shouldn’t be doing to get the most out of your photographs.
We have a great post on how to digitize film photos you should check out. Or how about trying our black and photography challenge to keep improving your work!
If you are looking for something a little more creative in the analogue world, look no further than this article. So if you want to emulate Ansel Adams, tintype photography is what you will be looking for!
The film of a camera is the flour in a cake. Do you want it fluffy or dense? With gluten or gluten-free? When it comes to photography, every film has a different purpose. Contrast, tones, detail and amount of available light can all affect the kind of film you use.
What will you be photographing? Large groups of people in a studio setting? Standalone subjects with a bokeh background outdoors? Are you looking to use a wide range of lenses or one versatile lens, that can cover many different scenarios?
Lightroom is one of the best tools out there to help you get the best from your photography. It is easy and fast to pick-up and can help with your workflow.
Photographic filters are there to help you make the most of your landscape, architectural, or long exposure photography.
If you photograph only in colour, black and white photography needs a little shifting of your focus and attention. Before, you looked at complementing colours and effective white balance. Now, contrast, highlights and things like texture become more important.
In my post on film photography, I talk in detail about how shooting on film helps to hone your skill. You think a lot more about what you’re doing before taking each photo, rather than wasting a piece of 35mm film.
Shooting with your mobile is fast and easy, and now converting and processing your images into black and whites is no more difficult. This article shows you how to utilize an app to turn those images into something really dramatic.
Some specific street photography cameras have fixed-lenses, such as the Ricoh GRII 28 mm view, and they cant be changed. If your camera has the ability to change its lens, what would your focus be and how much of the street would you like to see?
The most popular way to use your DSLR for black and white photography is to use it for colour and then convert the images later, during post-processing. There are ways to change in-camera settings to allow yourself to photograph straight to black and white. This allows you to focus on important things, such as light and contrast and not get distracted by colour.
There are many things that need to be rethought when you change from colour to black and white landscape photography. The lack of colour is a huge factor, the golden hour isn’t such a strong time to photograph, and now sunsets and sunrises become mediocre.
Post-Processing Black and White Photography Converting the Correct Way
Portraits are taken on anything from a smartphone to a large format camera with a digital back, but as DSLRs are the most used, we will focus there.
For many beginner film photographers, black and white photography is the first step as black and white film is generally easier to work with, develop, and print. Black and white film is much more flexible in the development process when compared to the rather stringent needs of color film. As such, many schools, universities, and other darkrooms are setup specifically for black and white photography and not color.
Photographing landscapes requires a different set of skills than other areas of photography.
The light is harder to control but, when you expose a photo correctly with the light in the right places, the results can be much more dramatic.
This added pressure of wasting money on the film and development means that you become a much more careful photographer. You consider how else each photo could be taken before actually taking it.
A note from Josh, ExpertPhotography’s Photographer-In-Chief: Thank you for reading… CLICK HERE if you want to capture breathtaking images, without the frustration of a complicated camera. It’s my training video that will walk you how to use your camera’s functions in just 10 minutes – for free! I also offer video courses and ebooks covering the following subjects: Beginner – Intermediate Photography eBook Beginner – Intermediate Photography Video Course Landscape Photography eBook Landscape Photography Video Course Photography Blogging (Service) You could be just a few days away from finally understanding how to use your camera to take great photos! Thanks again for reading our articles!
If you follow these steps, not only will you know how to change your picture style, but also how to keep the colour information. This allows you to always revert back to the colour original. It is particularly important for post-processing, as no image data is lost.
Your phone may take great selfies and snaps of whatever you are eating, but have you thought about using it for your street photography? There are many benefits; It is less intrusive, fast and easy to use and you can edit the photographs then and there, and even share it with the world.
They shoot in as many different scenarios as you can think of, at many different speeds. There are also specialist items, such as infra-red.
You don’t have this option when shooting on film. So you really have to pay attention to what it is that you want to capture and how it’s going to look in black and white.
Black and White or Colour Photographic GearRecommended Filters to Use with Black and White PhotographyCamera Settings for Black and White PhotographyDigital Photography vs. Film PhotographyHow to Choose the Right Type of FilmHow to Shoot with Black and White FilmHow to Create Black and White Images at HomeAlternative Black and White ProcessesTypes of Black and White PhotographyLandscape PhotographyHow to Choose Your Perfect Camera for Landscape PhotographyThe Best Lenses for Landscape PhotographyPortraitureHow to Choose the Right CameraBest Lenses for PortraitureStreet PhotographyHow to Choose the Right CameraBest Lenses for Street PhotographyArchitecture/Fine ArtStill LifeMobile PhotographyHow to Shoot Black and WhiteAdvanced Tips Post-Processing Black and White PhotographyConverting the Correct WayHow to Edit Images on MobileHow to Manage Images in Post-ProductionThings to Consider When Editing Black and White PhotographsHow to Use Tonal Contrast with PhotographyHow to Use Luminosity MasksHow to Transition From Taking to Making the PhotographHow to Edit Black And White Images in LightroomProcessing Images in Photoshop
Many enthusiasts and professionals still use film in their photography. They show us that film has definitive qualities still unmatched by the world of digital photography.
You rely much more on composition, texture, shape and form to create a good photo, so you have to look for this before you shoot, not after.
The tonal range in black and white photography is one of the most important things to focus on. The range is basically the degree of how bright or how dark parts of your image are. The bigger the tonal range, meaning the more dark and light areas there are, the more impressive the image.
All the little motors and processors add a higher cost to the lenses, along with the equipment used to make them. The design and machines needed to create a lens at f/2 will be more expensive than a lens of f/4.
In this article, you can find a comprehensive list of what you should be looking for in a DSLR. Whether for portrait photography or anything else, it takes pricing and level of experience into account.
It depends on your imagination and a few key skills. Every area of photography, from landscape to portraiture, have their own set of requirements when it comes to B&W photography.
This article helps where and when to use things such as micro-contrast. Also how to effectively use and place the blackest areas of the photograph in relation to the mid-tone grey areas. Your photographs will benefit immensely.
This article helps you to get the best out of your black and white image by working with colour layers, filters and blending options.
These advanced tips are to help you look past all the basic ideas which cover most aspects of photography. The camera gear, equipment and accessories are things that help you take better photographs. These tips are there to help you gain deeper knowledge, looking at a possible message, experience or emotion you want to portray.
Once you understand how the film reacts to the light, you can use it as a creative tool in your photography.
Textures and contrast are stronger in black and white. Black and white can bring out emotions more strongly than colour by removing distractions from a portrait. But colour can make you focus on a particular feeling, like warm or cold.
Working with black and white images is not the same as working with colour – both have different focuses and need different areas of attention. The Black and White photographs can benefit from colours. Adding yellow into the image using a colour mixer can affect the detail in the sky. This brings out characteristics in an otherwise overexposed segment of the image.
Black and white film photography is all of this and more. Normally, when I take black and white photos, I shoot in colour first and convert it afterwards. This gives me more options in post production.
Also, where you edit the pictures is also important, creating colour casts that change how you see our images. You might think that black and white images will not be affected, but they still use colour information in the grey, mid-tone areas of your work. Whatever you will be doing with your images as a final product, be it a book or an exhibition, they all need different treatments.
Also, tweaking of contrasts and highlights can have very dramatic results in a Black and White photograph.
Mistakes can get pretty expensive if you’re not sure what you’re doing with your film camera. This forces you to quickly learn what you’re doing wrong.
Some have the capacity to stop some of the light so that a long-exposure is possible. Others add detail into otherwise overexposed skies and well-lit areas. Black and white photography is no different, and coloured filters can help enhance it.
Topic 1: Black and White Film Overview Topic 2: Preparing your 35mm Camera for Use Topic 3: How to Use the Film Camera Topic 4: Exposing Black and White Film Topic 5: Preparing Black and White Film for Development Topic 6: Developing Black and White Film Topic 7: Intro to the Darkroom Topic 8: Printing a Contact Sheet Topic 9: First Black and White Print
That’s also one of the advantages of the poor dynamic range. The contrast on neutral colours is boosted.
A darkroom might give you full control, but there are ways to work around not having one. Using a scanner to digitalise your work will keep all the film qualities, like grain, intact.
In this article, we look at photographing in black and white, and how it differs from digital. Also, what you should be focusing on to get the best out of your images.
Ansel Adams said, “You don’t take a photograph, you make it”. This guide takes you through many ideas. Looking at the basic elements, what makes a great photograph and how to make it into a final, polished print.
Had I shot the photo above on colour film, you’d be able to see the subject with no problem. When shooting on black and white film, it’s important to determine where the light illuminates the subject and work around that.
Black and white photography is the oldest style of photography. Every photograph that you can think of, has the potential to be black and white.
I particularly like how the light shining on the back of the subject’s head is emphasised by the dark figure behind him.
The downside is that you might want to digitalise the images. You will need a scanner for this, at an extra cost.
The two differ a lot in cost, the amount of time and space you will need as well. It even comes down to whether you want to see the image as soon as you take it, or have the patience to wait with film.
And sometimes the cheapest lens can be amazing and the most expensive can be disappointing. The article above will show you what the best lenses for landscape photography are, and give you the tools needed to choose the best one for yourself.
Photographic Gear Recommended Filters to Use with Black and White Photography
There are many great reasons why many street photographers still choose black and white over colour. These range from emulating the masters before them, to reducing chaotic scenes to a more simplified view. Understanding black and white helps the photographer show a specific focus of the image.