Use Filters. Graduated neutral density (AKA ND grad) and polarizing filters are simply as useful in monochrome photography as they are in colour. In fact, because they manipulate image contrast they are arguably more advantageous . An ND grad is collaborative when you want to retain detail in a bright sky while a polarizing filter may be used to decrease reflections and boost contrast. Alternatively, make of,find taking two or more shots with unique exposures to create a high dynamic range (HDR) composite. Don’t be anxious to use a ND grad with a standard neural density filter if the sky is brighter than the foreground in a long exposure shot. Coloured filters, which are an essential tool for monochrome film photographers, could also be advantageous for manipulating contrast in digital images. They work by darkening objects of their opposite colour while lightening objects of their own. An orange filter, for example, will darken the blue of the sky while a green one will lighten foliage.
Dodge and Burn. Dodging and burning is a custom that comes from the traditional darkroom and is usually used to burn in or darken highlights and hold back (brighten) shadows. Photoshop’s Dodge and Burn tools allow a level of control that film photographers may only dream of because you can target the highlights, shadows or mid-tones with both. This means that you should use the Burn tool to darken highlights when they are too bright, or the Dodge tool to brighten up them to grow local contrast. It’s a great routine of giving a sense of greater sharpness and enhancing texture. Plus, because you could set the opacity of the tools, you may build up their effect gradually so the impact is crafty and there are no hard edges.
Try Long Exposure. Long exposure shots could work really well in monochrome photography, especially where there’s moving water or clouds. During the exposure the highlights of the water, for example, are recorded across a wider area than they would with a short exposure and this could help enhance tonal contrast. The blurring of the movement also adds textural contrast with any solid objects in the frame. If compulsory , use a neutral density filter such as Lee Filters’ Big Stopper or Little Stopper to reduce exposure and extend shutter speed (by 10 and 4 stops respectively). characteristically , when exposures extend farther than relating to 1/60 sec a tripod is wanted to keep the camera still and avoid blurring. It’s also advisable to use a remote release and mirror lock-up to minimise vibration and produce super-sharp images.
Take Control. Although coloured filters may still be used to manipulate contrast when shooting digital black and white images, it’s more prominent to save this work until the processing stage. Until a some years ago Photoshop’s Channel Mixer was the favorite means of turning colour images monochrome, but now Adobe Camera Raw has more strong tools (in the HSL/Grayscale tab) that allow you to adjust the brightness of eight individual colours that make up the image. It’s possible to adjust single of these colours to make it anything from white to black with the sliding control. However, it’s important to keep an eye on the whole image when adjusting a particular colour as subtle gradations can become unnatural looking. And adjusting the brightness of a red or pink shirt with the red sliding control, for moment , will have an impact on the model’s skin, especially the lips. The Levels and Curves controls can also be used to manipulate tonal range and contrast, but the HSL/Grayscale controls allow you to create separation between objects of the same brightness but with different colours.
Look for Contrast, Shape and Texture. The complimentary and opposing colours that bring a colour image to life are all reduced to black and white or shades of grey in a monochrome image and you have to look for tonal contrast to make a shot stand out. In colour photography, for example, your eye would straight away be drawn to a red object on a green background, but in monochrome photography these two areas are likely to have the same brightness, so the image looks flat and colorless straight from the camera. fortunately , it’s possible to work adjust the brightness of these two colours separately to introduce some contrast. However, a good starting point is to look for scenes with tonal contrast. There are always exceptions, but as a general rule look for scenes that contain some strong blacks and whites. This may be achieved by the light or by the brightness (or tone) of the objects in the scene as well as the exposure settings that you use. The brightness of the bark of a silver birch tree for example, should inject some contrast (and interest) in to a woodland scene. Setting the exposure for these brighter areas also makes the shadows darker, so the highlights stand out even more. Look for shapes, patterns and textures in a scene and move around to find the best composition.
Shoot RAW + JPEG. The greatest monochrome conversions are bumped into by editing raw files which have the full colour information, but if you shoot raw and JPEG files simultaneously and set the camera to its monochrome photograph Style/Picture Control/Film Simulation mode you get an indication of how the image will look in black and white. As numerous photographers struggle to visualise a scene in black and white, these monochrome modes are an invaluable tool that will help with composition and scene assessment. numerous cameras are also capable of producing decent in-camera monochrome images these days and it’s worth experimenting with image parameters (usually contrast, sharpness, filter effects and toning) to find a look that you like. Because compact means cameras and compact cameras show the scene seen by the sensor with camera settings applied, users of these cameras are able to preview the monochrome image in the electronic viewfinder or on rear screen before taking the shot. DSLR users may also do this if they kick in his camera’s live concept custom , but the usually slower responses mean that numerous will find it preferable or check the image on the screen post-capture.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
It’s not just sunbathing and boating that attracts beach goers to the water. In March of 1951, Truman Beach on Long Island Sound became a popular tourist attraction. After all, it was the vacation destination for President Harry S. Truman.
Chilean residents play on the beach—and doze in cabanas’ shade—in June 1950.
14 of 17 Peter Stackpole/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images
12 of 17 Loomis Dean/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images
17 of 17 Lisa Larsen/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images
10 of 17 Hank Walker/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images
You may even spot an iconic itsy bitsy, teeny weeny, polka dot bikini—we can only assume it was yellow.
1 of 17 Margaret Bourke-White/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images
5 of 17 Robert W. Kelley/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images
But the appeal of the beach has remained constant, as Time noted. “People on a beach can feel just as free and equal as they were created,” observed Life editors.
Couples dance on a terrace overlooking Ostia Beach in Italy.
Let these black-and-white photos inspire your next trip to the shore.
A trio of girls in matching swimsuits race to the waters in Atlantic City, New Jersey. This is the site of the famous Atlantic City Beauty Contest.
Back in the day, people flocked to the beach for beauty parades and tanning competitions. There were no tablets or e-readers, no cell phones or Bluetooth speakers. For entertainment, they carried beloved beach reads and ukuleles.
11 of 17 Eliot Elisofon/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images
In 1959, at the Andrew Geller-designed Milk Carton Beach House in Fire Island, NY, two persons and a child enjoyed a day at the beach.
2 of 17 Stan Wayman/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images
16 of 17 Paul Schutzer/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images
6 of 17 Co Rentmeester/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images
A sky-high view of the now-defunct Parachute Jump ride, beach, and boardwalk at Coney Island in Brooklyn.
8 of 17 Frank Scherschel/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images
9 of 17 George Skadding/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images
What better way to spend a hot day in Miami Beach, Florida, than waterskiing? While on vacation, the Shah of Iran, Mohamed Reza, was pictured riding the surf.
Governor of California, Edmund G. Brown, was caught napping in a beach hammock during the Governors’ Conference.
Even after the sun has set beneath the horizon, visitors to beaches draw out balmy summer nights with bonfires.
Sort by Most PopularSort by Price (Low to High)Sort by Price (High to Low)Sort by NewestSort by Fastest Ship Time
There’s no better way to practice balance than on the sandy shore. Here, the girls of the Children’s School of Modern Dancing rehearse their routine.
15 of 17 Ralph Crane/The LIFE Images Collection/Getty Images
Young men relax at Vung Tau beach in Southern Vietnam, presumably after a rousing game of beach volleyball.
3 of 17 Jerry Cooke/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images
Two men and a dog take cover from the sun on the edge of the beach. A parking lot full of antique cars transports us to another era.
Some things never change, of course. From afternoons spent eating hot dogs on the boardwalk at Coney Island to lazy mornings lounging beneath a beach side cabana, these photos are really just proof that no matter how many years pass by, people around the world still love to spend summers by the sea.
A man and women in California, in July 1950, shield their faces from the sun with straw hats while working on their tans. The man also (of course) strums a ukulele.
Plenty has changed in the decades since these moments were captured and preserved in the TIME/LIFE archives. Bathing suit hemlines have crept higher (though we still love a fabulous one-piece), and beach goers across the country have traded belly sliding for stand-up paddle boarding.
Model June Pickney is famous for sporting super-sized sunglasses, and this day on a crowded beach was no different. In 1960 she was caught in a bikini and the so-called Super Specs.
Volunteer lifeguards at Garie Beach—on the edge of Sydney, Australia—race in a surf swimming contest.
Pictured in this gallery are people from all walks of life, sunning and splashing on the best beaches of Brooklyn, Sydney, California, Italy, and more. The images, taken from the 1940s to the 1960s, depict familiar crowds swelling beneath the now-defunct Parachute Jump at Coney Island, and men in a shaded cove behind a parking lot full of retro automobiles.
A row of boards stand at the ready for surfers on the beach.
13 of 17 Dmitri Kessel/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images
A perfect spot on the beach is in high-demand in this picture of beach chairs (and visitors) stacked edge to edge.